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Features of “public literacy”: M.S. Koutorga in the space of higher education of Russia and Europe

V.K. Pichugina, A.Yu. Mozhaysky
80,00 Р

UDC 378

V.K. Pichugina is Dr.Sci. (Pedagogy), doc., leading scientific researcher Е-mail:; and A.Yu. Mozhaysky is Cand.Sci. (History), senior scientific researcher Е-mail: at Institute for Strategy of Development of Education REA


Characterized are milestones in scientific and pedagogical activities of professor of St. Petersburg (1835–1869) and Moscow (1869–1874) Universities M.S. Koutorga. Out of numerable sources, that give an overview of his life path, those ones were selected that allow us to see how he integrated into Higher educational spaces of Russia and Europe. Special attention is given to his trip abroad on which Koutorga went along with other students of Professors Institute (1833–1835) around Greece and Egypt (1860–1861). His works on educational issues that he discussed mainly in the context of development of national higher education are analyzed. By correlating civic and mental, ancient and modern education, Koutorga asserts the need to establish Western education in Russia, but not through emulating it uncritically, but by appealing to meaningful samples of scientific knowledge. In his understanding, higher education should be deeply rooted in joint academic search of teacher and students. Two manuscripts from Archive Fund 410, Manuscript Department of the National Library of Russia, that contain information on M.S. Koutorga activities at St. Petersburg University, are published for the first time. The first one is a discussion of origins of ancient Greek scholarship, and the second presumably contains M.S. Koutorga lecture notes on education and erudition.

Key words: M.S. Koutorga, history of higher education, education of the people, educational space.



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