Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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System of technical education of schoolchildren: variations of aims and structure

D.P. Danilaev, N.N. Malivanov
80,00 Р

UDC 37.09:373::62   


D.P. Danilaev is Dr.Sci. (Engineering), doc. e-mail:; and N.N. Malivanov is Dr.Sci. (Pedagogy), prof., head of sub-faculty e-mail:

at Kazan National Research Technical University n.a. A.N. Tupolev (KNITU-KAI)


Analyzed is one of strategic objective of education, i.e. preparing children for life in high-tech competitive world. Additional educational system offers various concepts and forms of children’s education. Popular areas of education are highlighted. These are robotics, aircraft modeling, programming, electronics. However, proposed programs are rarely related. Accumulated experience allows to go to the system construction of schoolchildren technical education. The purpose of the article is to analyze possible tasks and structure of this system.The use of the competency-based approach in education led to the system formation of continuing professional education and integration of general education systems, secondary vocational and higher education. Real integration has actualized the search for relevant pedagogical approaches and models for additional technical education organizing. There has been a transition from the diagnosis of schoolchildren abilities and inclinations to environment formation of professional self-determination and children development, personality self-realization, and their social identity organization. Approaches to such system construction depend on conditions for educational programs’ implementation. It should be taken into account adequacy of number, qualifications, competence of teachers, material and technical base, methodological developments availability, funding sources and so on. The general goal of additional technical education could be diversified into private goals, with which teaching methods are determined. A system structuring option and methods for integrating technical education programs with basic general education programs are determined in connection with diversified goals. Diversification of schoolchildren technical education goals allows a multi-level system implementation of additional technical education. Its phased construction is possible.

Keywords: additional education of schoolchildren, technological education, technical education system, engineering lyceums.



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