Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Critical view on educational paradigms of modern system of education

S.V. Bakushev
80,00 Р

UDC 378.143       


S.V. Bakushev is Dr.Sci. (Engineering), prof. at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction e-mail:


Researched is the theme of the need of reforming, improving and renovating of modern Russian education. The author raises the problem of educational paradigm development to improve educational process quality and, therefore, to increase the level of students’ education. Two “extreme” educational paradigms are critically comprehended and analyzed: classical paradigm, that underlies mass education, focused on reproduction of the subject of labor and implementing pragmatic approach, and non-classical paradigm, focusing on reproduction of personality and implementing human-centric approach to education. It is argued that teaching pedagogical techniques and technologies cannot be considered outside the time parameter that determines the age of educable (student), his or her knowledge base and skills, his or her subjective desire (or unwillingness) to receive particular knowledge system, this or that amount of information, his or her vision of prospective of their place in the community of subjects of the objective world. A new integral educational paradigm is proposed, that includes both theses of classical paradigm and statements of non-classical educational paradigm.

Keywords: education, educational paradigms, secondary and higher education, improving learning process.



  1. Bakushev, S.V. Some considerations on improving of the educational process in higher education. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2018. No. 1. P. 9-12.
  2. Bakushev, S.V. Personal look at didactics of modern higher education in terms of the study of technical sciences. In: Sustainable development of the region: architecture, construction, transport. Tambov, 2019.
  3. Miloradova, N.G., Ishkov, A.D. Educational technologies in educational process of higher education: Lecture notes on the subject “Pedagogy and methods of vocational education” for graduate students of all forms of education and training areas. Moscow, 2019.
  4. Ben Bachmair, N.P. Sustainability for Innovative Education. The Case of Mobile Learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education. 2015. No. 1.
  5. Lalilta, R. Breaking Boundaries: Quality E-Learning for the Global Knowledge Society. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning. 2009. No. 4 (1).
  6. Eiser Oswaldo Vélez-Torres, Darwin Fabián Toscano-Ruiz, Cristina Rodríguez-Rodríguez. Internet: A look at constructivism Maestro y Sociedad. 2016. No. 3-17.
  7. Ioannis Ignatiadis, Adamantios Koumpis, Garyfallos Fragidis, Thanasis Giouvanakis. My Course: An Educational Content Management Platform with Social Networking Characteristics. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning. 2010. No. 5 (4).
  8. Juan Carlos Olabe, Xabier Basogain, Miguel Ángel Olabe, Inmaculada Maíz, Carlos Castaño. Solving math and science problems in the real world with a computational mind. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research. 2014. No. 3 (2).
  9. Andes Safarandes Asmara, Iwan Junaedi. Trend Paradigma dalam Pendidikan Matematika Scholaria. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 2018. No. 8 (3). P. 309–314.
  10. Eudaldo Enrique Espinoza Freire. Presence of the problemic methods in the basic education. Revista MENDIVE. 2018. No. 16 (2). P. 262–277.
  11. Cindy Vanessa Artavia-Aguilar, Manuel Arturo Fallas-Vargas. Counseling and Diversity: Valuable Education for All. Revista Electronic@ Educare. 2012. No. 16. P. 47–52.
  12. Rosanna Barros. From lifelong education to lifelong learning discussion of some effects of today’s neoliberal policies. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults. 2012. No. 3 (2). P. 119–134.
  13. Nicoletta Blas, Alessandro Fiore, Luca Mainetti, Roberto Vergallo, Paolo Paolini. A portal of educational resources: providing evidence for matching pedagogy with technology. Research in Learning Technology. 2014. No. 22. P. 1–26.
  14. Efremova, T.F. New dictionary of Russian language. Moscow, 2000.
  15. Big Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, 1991.
  16. Frolov, I.T., Borzenkov, V.G. New Philosophical Encyclopedia. Moscow, 2010.
  17. Mikhailovskaya, N.A. Efficient approach to learning. In: Problems of modern science and education. Moscow, 2015.