Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Bologna Deadlock... What’s Next?

R.M. Petruneva, V.D. Vasilyeva

UDC 378        


Raisa M. Petruneva, Dr. Sc. (Pedagogy), Professor, Head of cub-faculty of History, Culture and Sociology at Volgograd State Technical University, e-mail:

Valentina D. Vasilyeva, Dr. Sc. (Pedagogy), Docent, Professor of sub-faculty of History, Culture and Sociology at Volgograd State Technical University, e-mail:


One day that changed the world put on the Russian Federation agenda issues that were in a latent immanent form, and therefore attracted little public attention. However, today the solution of those issues determines the direction of the development of our vast country. In addition to global economic and political issues, the country needs to find a solution to important problem which to extent determines the future of Russia and its geopolitical stability. The article raises the question of the development of higher education in the Russian Federation. It is the best moment now to get rid of illusions, delusions and negative experience in this area and pay attention to the rich experience of the Russian Federation and the Soviet Union in the sphere of higher education.

In this regard, the authors have analyzed some acute problems of Russian education at the present stage, the benefits and harms of recent reforms and the introduction of the Bologna innovations, the positive aspects of the Soviet system of specialists training. It is shown that many problems in the specialists training are of a systemic nature, and their solution is not so much in the field of didactics but in the field of lawmaking.

Key words: Bologna process, Federal State Educational Standard, academic freedoms, USE, quality of education.





  1. Klyachko, T.L. Education in Russia and the world. Main trends. Obrazovatel’naja politika. 2020. No. 1 (81). P. 26-41. DOI: 10.22394/2078-838Х-2020-1-26-40
  2. Russian Statistical Yearbook. 2021: Stat. sat. / Rosstat. Moscow, 2021. 692 p.
  3. Konstantinovsky, D.L., Popova, E.S. Secondary vs higher. Mir Rossii. 2020. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 6–26. DOI: 10.17323/1811-038X-2020-29-2-6-26
  4. RF Federal Law “On Education in Russian Federation” dated December 29 2012, No. 273-FZ. URL: (accessed on: 10.07.2022).
  5. Krolenko, O.N. Updating of the main educational programs of higher education. Vestnik ChGPU im. I.Ya. Yakovleva. 2014. No. 1 (81). URL: (accessed on: 15.07.2022).
  6. Sorokina, T.S. The Bologna Process and the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education. Problemy sotsial’noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniya i istorii meditsiny. 2015. No. 5. URL: (accessed on: 10.07.2022).
  7. Melnikov, S.L., Karneeva, O.A. On the issue of professional competence of educational psychologists. Vestnik BGU. 2012. No. 1 (2). URL: (accessed on: 10.07.2022).
  8. Pecherkina, A.A., Symanyuk, E.E., Umnikova, E.L. Development of professional competence of a teacher: theory and practice: monograph. Ekaterinburg, 2011. 233 p.
  9. Klyachko, T.L., Semionova, E.A., Tokareva, G.S. Unified State exam and the quality of education at school: the consequences of the pandemic. Ekonomicheskoe razvitie Rossii. 2021. No. 7. URL: (accessed on: 12.07.2022).
  10. Russia has improved its performance in international studies of the quality of education. URL: (accessed on: 11.07.2022).
  11. International studies on the quality of education. URL: (accessed on: 18.07.2022).
  12. Klarin, M.V. Innovations in world pedagogy: learning based on research, games and discussion. (Analysis of foreign experience). Riga: NPC “Experiment”, 1995. 176 p.
  13. Petruneva, R.M. Individual-oriented organization of the educational process: illusions and reality. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2011. No. 5. P. 65–70.
  14. Historical documents. URL: (accessed on: 12.07.2022).
  15. Senashenko, V., Zhalnina, N. Independent work of students: actual problems. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2006. No. 7. Pp. 103-109.
  16. Milovanova G.V., Kulyashova N.M., Shemyakina E.Yu. About the attitude of students to independent work during the pandemic. Russian Journal of Education and Psychology. 2021. No. 4. URL: (accessed on: 15.07.2022).
  17. Karnaukh, N.V. The organization of independent work of students is one of the aspects of methodological activity of a teacher of the higher school of Russia of the XIX century. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriya 4: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. 2008. No. 10. URL: (accessed on: 20.07.2022).
  18. Shcherbakova E.V., Shcherbakova T.N. Ways to improve the efficiency of independent work of students of a pedagogical university. Sovremennoe pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie. 2021. No. 1. URL: (accessed on: 15.07.2022).
  19. Petruneva, R.M., Vasilyeva, V.D., Petruneva, Yu.V. Digital Students: Myths and Reality. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2019. Vol. 28. No. 11. P. 47–55. DOI: 10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-11-47-55
  20. Rozina, N.M., Zuev, V.M. Normative per capita financing of higher education: concepts and realities. Finansy: teoriya i praktika. 2015. No. 3 (87). URL: (accessed on: 12.07.2022).
  21. Sodnomova, S.K. Assessment of the implementation of per capita regulatory financing on the example of educational institutions. Vestnik NGU. Seriya: Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie nauki. 2018. No. 4. URL: (accessed on: 05.07.2022).
  22. The universities of the Investigative Committee will stop admitting students to the magistracy. URL: (accessed on: 08.07.2022).
  23. Davlet-Kildeeva, N.G. A.G. Nebolsin is an outstanding Russian figure of professional education, humanitarian philanthropist. Klio: zhurnal dlya uchenykh. 2012. No. 8 (68). P. 123–124.
  24. Petruneva, R.M., Belyakova, L.F., Sidorova, T.L. Internationalization of education: the shagreen skin of the Russian language. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. 2021. Vol. 30. No. 7. P. 139–148. DOI: 10.31992/0869-3617-2021-30-7-139-148
  25. Ponyavina, M.B., Seleznev, P.S. Increasing the number of foreign students in Russian universities as an element of state policy in the field of education. Gumanitarnye nauki. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta. 2020. No. 1. URL: (accessed on: 10.07.2022).