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Must you be a patriot? (On attitudes to the events and facts of the Great Patriotic War by modern Russian students and compatriots living abroad: Comparative analysis)

N.V. Dulina, R.M. Petruneva, V.D. Vasilyeva, А.А. Любцов, Ю.В. Петрунева.

UDC 316.4:17


Nadezhda V. Dulina, Doctor of Science (Sociology), Professor, Volgograd State University, Head of sub-faculty of Sociology and Political Science, e-mail:

Raisa M. Petruneva, Doctor of Science (Pedagogy), Professor, Volgograd State Technical University, Head of sub-faculty of History, Culture and Sociology, e-mail:

Valentina D. Vasilyeva, Doctor of Science (Pedagogy), Associate Professor, Volgograd State Technical University, Professor of sub-faculty of History, Culture and Sociology, e-mail:

Alexey A. Lyubtsov, National University of Oil and Gas “Gubkin University”, applicant, e-mail:

Julia V. Petruneva, Volgograd State Technical University, Master student, e-mail:


Many Russian researchers often associate the phenomenon of patriotism with knowledge of Russian history and attitude to the events of the Great Patriotic War. In currently conditions, it is especially important to form the historical memory of youth, their understanding of the meaning and significance of the Great Victory, pride in the generation of winners. The article examines the attitude of modern Russian students and compatriots living abroad at the present historical stage to the events and facts of the history of the Great Patriotic War. The results of a sociological study carried out as part of the implementation of the International Youth Forum of Russian Compatriots in July–August 2021 are presented. It was attended by 60 students of Russian universities, as well as 100 of our young compatriots from 46 countries of the world. To collect primary information, a questionnaire method was used — an online survey using a Google form. In the course of the research, a comparative analysis of what the cultural and historical memory of two social groups — students and compatriots — preserves were carried out, similarities and differences in assessments and opinions were highlighted. The obtained data allowed the authors to draw conclusions about the conditions of formation of historical memory of the Great Patriotic War in the process of socialization of young people, about the influence of agents of primary and secondary socialization, about the change in the vector of formation of historical and cultural memory towards family, personal, etc. It is necessary to develop a new comprehensive approach to the patriotic education of young people, which would take into account the realities of today.

Key words: patriotism, Russian students and compatriots, memory of the Great Patriotic War.



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