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Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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Formation of a system of professional stereotypes in university students

V.Ya. Gelman
80,00 ₽

UDC 378     


Viktor Y. Gelman, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor at North-West State Medical University n.a. I.I. Mechnikov, Professor of the Department of Medical Informatics and Physics, St. Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:


The rapid change of paradigms of technology development in the XXI century requires flexible thinking from a specialist and a reduction in the degree of stereotypical professional thinking. However, any professional activity is based on a system of stereotypes.

This article studies the formation of a system of professional stereotypes among university students in the learning process, and also identifies positive and negative manifestations of the developed system of stereotypes. The methodological basis of the research was the analysis of scientific publications and generalized practical experience. The place of stereotypes in the educational system of the university, the positive and negative qualities of stereotypes, the ways of formation and complexity of changing the system of professional stereotypes, as well as the need for a creative approach to professional activity and periodic changes in stereotypes are considered. It is shown that, on the one hand, university education should contribute to the formation of a system of necessary professional stereotypes among students and the ability to use its advantages competently, on the other - to develop a willingness to adjust this system when the situation changes and change stereotypes in cases of need, to teach to avoid stagnation and to be in constant development, following the principles of continuing education.

Key words: stereotype, professional stereotype, forming, change, education, students, university.



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