Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Legitimate culture and the problem of democratizing of education

N.I. Lobanova
80,00 ₽

UDC 130.2:304:378 


N.I. Lobanova is Cand. Sci. (Philosophy), doc. at Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University n.a. V.P. Astafiev e-mail:


Attempt is made to comprehend the term “democratization of education”. The author analyzes emergent in recent decades the interpretation of this concept. It has been revealed that attention of researchers is mainly attracted by subjective section of this issue which is manifested in interpretation of the concept of democratization of education. This concept is understood as equality of educational opportunities and freedom of self-determination of individuals, while systemic and structural aspect of this problem, that uncovers connection between educational institution and others structural components of the social system, and above all with culture, instrument of legitimization of which it is. It is necessary to bridge the gap between micro-level of social reality, in the mode of which individuals exist and in the context of which the study of democratization of education is conducted, and the macro-level in the context of which functioning and interaction of the main social institutions, i.e. education, culture, economy, etc. In the light of this, traditional thesis on democratization of education should be revised and supplemented, that in addition to inequality in educational opportunities of individuals should take into account non-equilibrium position of various structures (cultural-ethnic, social-class) in relation to educational system.

Key words: democratization of education, legitimate culture, universalization, unification, cultural inequality, educational inequality.



1. Bourdieu, P. On the state. Moscow, 2016.

2. Bourdieu, P., Passeron, J.-C. Reproduction: elements of the theory of the education system. Moscow, 2007.

3. Bortsov, Yu.S., Vereshchagina, A.V., Samygin, S.I. Cultural and educational inequality in Russia: threats to national security. Humanities of the South of Russia. 2016. No. 5. P. 123–133.

4. Democratization of education. Pedagogical dictionary. URL:

5. Kalachev, A.V. The content of the concept of “democratization of education”. Izvestiya VSPU. 2007. No. 4. P. 41–45.

6. Nalivaiko, N.V., Panarin, V.I. The interaction of democracy and education: a philosophical analysis. Philosophy of education. 2008. No. 4 (25). P. 21–27.

7. Panfilova, T.V. Reforming higher education in Russia: democratization or bureaucratization? Social sciences and modernity. 2010. No. 4. P. 65–72.

8. Shmatko, N.N. Reproduction: elements of the theory of the education system. Moscow, 2007.

9. Bulle, N. Democratization of educational systems, inequality, opportunity, and selection process: a re-examination of the case of France. URL:

10. Farnen, R., Education, Democracy, and Development. Does education contribute to democratization in developing countries? URL:

11. Murati, R. Conception and Definition of Democratization of Education. URL:

12. Riddle, S. Democracy and education in contemporary local-global contexts. URL: