Alma Mater
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Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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Philosophical picture of the world and the place of ontology in the educational process

N.V. Popkova
80,00 ₽

UDC 111

DOI 10.20339/AM.03-24.087


Natalia V. Popkova, Dr. Sci (Philosophy), Docent, Professor of the Department of Humanities and Social Disciplines, Bryansk State Technical University, Bryansk, e-mail:


The main features of the philosophical picture of the world are considered as a necessary component of a holistic worldview, the formation of which is one of the main goals of philosophy as an educational subject. It is shown that ontology (a branch of philosophy that develops a picture of the world) is currently on the periphery of both philosophical research and public attention. Doubts are expressed about the relevance of traditional categories of ontology; it is proposed to abandon the philosophical picture of the world constructed with their help and limit ourselves to the scientific picture of the world, which is already proposed by scientists on the basis of a metascientific synthesis. Nevertheless, the scientific picture of the world is objective, that is, it is devoid of value guidelines – a necessary component of a worldview. Therefore, the article analyzes the differences between the scientific and philosophical picture of the world and shows that in order to implement the ideological function of philosophy when teaching it, the study of traditional categories of ontology is required. They remain the basis for the formation of a worldview that determines a person’s place in the world and the boundaries of his activities.

Keywords: philosophy, ontology, picture of the world, higher education, worldview, post-non-classical science




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