Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Status of Technical Sciences in Higher Education

S.B. Bondarenko
80,00 Р

UDC 378::62     


Stanislav B. Bondarenko, Dr. Sci. (Philosophy), Professor, Department of Philosophy at Kursk State University, e-mail:


The purpose of the article is to substantiate the prospects and timeliness of strengthening and accelerating for the process of technization of higher education in Russia. The status of technical knowledge in higher education is changing. During the period of the new industrial revolution, the status of engineering sciences in higher education is steadily rising. It is shown that one of the leading trends of the new industrial revolution is the complication of the structure of technical knowledge. Modern studies of the structure of technical knowledge have shown its complex and heterogeneous nature. In the article, based on the latest data, a case study of the structure of technical knowledge is carried out using the example of medical masks. The coronavirus pandemic in the context of the new industrial revolution has revealed the low level of technization of higher education in Russia. In this article it is justified that the expediency of giving for a students, at their request and choice, a technical and non-technical specialties when they study within the framework of one educational program. It is explained that the transition to a higher level of technization is based on a rational and democratic didactic principle of maximum diversity in the combination of two or more specialties during a five-year study within the framework of one educational program сonsidering the structure of technical knowledge. It is noted that the process of strengthening and accelerating the technization of higher education in Russia should not violate the human rights and discard the democratic values of modern society.

Key words: technization of higher education, structure of technical knowledge, coronavirus pandemic, democratic values.



1. Diderot, D. Ingenieur. L’Encyclopédie.1-re édition. Vol. 8. Paris: Briasson, David l’aîné, Le Breton, Durand. 1766. P. 741−743. URL: (accessed on: 08.02.2022).

2. Arago, F. Notices biographiques. In 3 vols. Vol. 1.Izhevsk: NITs RKhD, 2000. 496 p.

3. Jefferson, Th. Notes on the state of Virginia. In: American enlighteners. Favorite works. Moscow: Mysl, 1969. P. 50−75.

4. Ioffe, A.F. About physics and physicists: Articles, speeches, letters. Leningrad: Nauka Publ, 1985. 544 p.

5. Lenin, V.I. On polytechnic education. In: Lenin, V.I. Full collection works. Vol. 42. Moscow: Political publishing house, 1970. P. 228−230.

6. Houkes, W. The Nature of Technological Knowledge. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences. 2009. Vol. 9. P. 309−350. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-51667-1.50016-1

7. Vincenti, W.G. What Engineers Know and How They Know It. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990. 326 p.

8. Vries, M.J. de The Nature of Technological Knowledge. Techné. 2003. Vol. 6. Iss. 3. P. 117−130. DOI: 10.5840/techne20036318

9. Pshenichnaya, N.Yu., Veselova, E.I., Semenova, D.A., Ivanova, S.C., Zhuravlev, A.S. Covid-19 is a new global threat to humanity. Epidemiology and infectious diseases. 2020. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 6–13. DOI: 10.18565/epidem.2020.10.1.6-13

10. Kostinov, M.P., Shmitko, A.D., Polishchuk, V.B., Khromova, E.A. Modern representations of the new coronavirus and the disease caused by SARS-COV-2. Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 2. P. 33−42. DOI:10.33029/2305-3496-2020-9-2-33-42

11. Zolin, V.V., Oskina, O.P., Solodkii, V.V., Eremina M.N., Davydov, G.F., Gosteva, T.A. Assessment of the Viability of SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus on Various Types of Test Surfaces, as Well as in Drinking and Sea Water. Problems of Particularly Dangerous Infections. 2021. No. 2. P. 108−113. DOI: 10.21055/0370-1069-2021-2-108-113

12. Golubkova, A.A., Sisin, E.I. Masks and respirators in medicine: choice and use. Ekaterinburg: Medkom Publ, 2011. 30 p.

13. Prokopev, N.Ya., Kashuba, E.A., Komarov, A.P., Pichugov, D.G. Medical mask. Technics. Technologies. Engineering. 2018. No. 2 (08). P. 47−50.

14. Peeples, L. Face masks: what the data say. Nature. 2020. No. 586 (7828). P. 186–189. DOI:10.1038/d41586-020-02801-8

15. Derrick, D., Kabaliuk, N., Longworth, L., Pishyar-Dehkordi, P., Jermy, M. Speech air flow with and without face masks. Scientific Reports. 2022. No. 12 (1). P. 837. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-04745-z

16. Bondarenko, S.B. Priorities for democratization of higher education. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2015. No. 1. P. 10–14.