Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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Postgraduate training system and scientific and pedagogical activity in assessments of French PhD students

T.V. Urazhok
80,00 Р

UDC 378(44):316              


T.V. Urazhok is PhD student of the 3rd year study at Leonov Moscow Region University of Technology, Korolev City e-mail:


Discussed are issues of postgraduate training system in France. The European system of doctoral training was always effective, had a great diversity of programs, wide opportunities for the graduates. It set trends for postgraduate training systems all over the world. France is the second economy of the European Union, producing almost a fifth of the European Union’s GDP. This country is among the leaders that allocate a large number of funds to finance the research sector. In 2018, France’s gross domestic spending on R&D was 2.3%. In this regard, the social survey of French PhD students was conducted. They were asked to answer questions about the effectiveness of the French postgraduate training system as a whole and to assess the social and psychological side of the doctoral education process. We considered such aspects of the problem as the competitiveness of the French doctoral school in comparison with other countries, employment in the scientific and pedagogical area, the perception of the research fellow, and the obstacles that arise in the process of writing the thesis. The empirical basis of the study is a survey conducted in 2019–2020. The sample consisted of 149 people. It is noted that in general, future candidates of sciences tend to get into the research environment to continue working as full-fledged researchers. The analysis also showed that despite the good funding, there are certain problems in the field of science that concern the current generation of PhD students.

Key words: postgraduate training system, higher education, PhD students, research fellow, research, research activity, effectiveness.



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