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Between philosophy, science, politics: Anthropology of Marxism by C. Robinson

G.A. Shuliko
80,00 Р

UDC 141

https://doi.org/10.20339/AM.12-20.132     

 

G.A. Shuliko is Junior Researcher at Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences e-mail: gashulik@gmail.com

 

Presented is a review of latest edition of book by C. Robinson’s (1946–2016) “An anthropology of Marxism". The article begins with a short introduction to why Robinson’s work might be of interest to Russian reader. What follows is a critical analysis of how Robinson views Marxist views of his own conceptual history. Skillfully combining the civilizational approach and the principle of historicism, Robinson comes to the conclusion, that there are a number of weaknesses in the materialist conception of history. One of the key weaknesses, from Robinson’s point of view, is the history of pre-capitalist European socialism, i.e. Marxism, due to specific perception of capitalism, is divorced from the centuries-old history of European actions of social lower classes. Rethinking the historical place of Marxism can productively affect both the study of Marxism itself and socio-political ideas about humanity as a whole. Using a number of historical examples, Robinson shows the importance of various pre-capitalist forms of social consciousness (ancient philosophy, religion, etc.) for formation of the socialist movement in its classical forms.

Key words: Robinson, Marxism, anthropology, socialism, Europe, civilization, science and religion, science and philosophy.

 

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