Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Spiritual in educational activity: ideas and contradictions of functioning and realization

V.N. Gruzkov, I.V. Gruzkov
80,00 Р

UDC 37: 14


V.N. Gruzkov is Dr.Sci. (Philosophy), prof. at Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute; and I.V. Gruzkov is Cand.Sci. (Economy), doc. at Stavropol State Agrarian University e-mail:


Analyzed is the notion of “spiritual” as socio-cultural and anthropological phenomenon, that is the result of evolution, during which through dialectic of interaction of nature, society, person, differentiation of ties and multi-level relations were being created and expanded fundamental universal prerequisites for it’s emergence and development. The article highlights and examines it’s components, specifics and contradictions of their functioning and implementation in modern theory and practice of educational activities. Offered are the author’s conclusions, content of which is aimed at improving quality of education of the individual in this process.

Key words: dialectics, philosophical anthropology, person, whole and integrity, consciousness, ideal, biological, social, spiritual, values.



1. Ananiev, B.G. Person as a subject of knowledge. Leningrad, 1968.

2. Barulin, V.S. Socio-philosophical anthropology. Common beginnings of socio-philosophical anthropology. Moscow, 1994.

3. Bazhenov, L.B., Kremyansky, V.I., Stepanov, N.I. Evolution of matter and it’s structural levels. Problems of philosophy. 1981. No. 2.

4. Gruzkov, I.V. Reproduction of human capital under conditions of formation of innovative Russian economy: theory, methodology, management. Moscow, 2013.

5. Ilyenkov, E.V. Dialectical logic. Sketches of history and theory. Moscow, 1984.

6. Ilyenkov, E.V. Philosophy and culture. Moscow, 1991.

7. Zotova, E.S. Who is he, new person: scientific discussion at Moscow university. Philosophy of economics. 2016. No. 2.

8. Kagan, M.S. About the spiritual (Experience of categorical analysis). Problems of philosophy. 1985. No. 9.

9. Kutyrev, V.A. Economism and technology against spirituality: the drama of modern society. In: Economic theory on the threshold of the 21st century. Moscow, 2003.

10. Moiseev, N.N. Person in the Universe and on the Earth. Problems of Philosophy. 1990. No. 6.

11. Losev, A.F. From the early works. Moscow, 1990.

12. Leontiev, D.A. Psychology of meaning: nature, structure and dynamics of semantic reality. Moscow., 2007.

13. Reznik, Yu.M. Phenomenology of person: being of possibility. Moscow, 2017.

14. Russian idea: democratic development of Russia. Moscow, 1996.

15. Rozov, N.S. Philosophy of humanitarian education. Value foundations and the concept of liberal education in higher education. Moscow, 1993.

16. Engelgard, V.A. On some attributes of life: hierarchy, integration, “recognition”. Problems of philosophy. 1976. No. 7.