Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Independent work of students: problems of organization and conditions of stimulation

G.I. Ibragimov
80,00 Р


G.I. Ibragimov is Dr. Sci. (Pedagogy), prof. at Kazan (Privolzhsky) Federal University e-mail:


Disclosed are factors, determining key role of independent work of students in the system of higher education. Three groups of problems of organization of independent work (at levels of educational program, activity of teacher, activity of trainee) are singled out and systematized according to the criterion “level of design”. Essential characteristic of independent work as a form of organization of educational activity is given. Substantiated is, that the most important condition for increasing effectiveness of independent work is the use of psychological mechanism to stimulate learning activities, supporting student’s motivational involvement in independent activity throughout it’s cycle.

Key words: independence, independent work, problems of organization of independent work of students, conditions for stimulation learning activities.



1. Gorshkova, O.O. Use of network educational resources in the process of students’ research training. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2016. No. 12. Pp. 34–38. DOI 10.20339/AM.12-16.034

2. Twelve Solutions for New Education. Moscow, 2018.

3. Zmeeva, T.E. Formation of independent creative activity in teaching foreign language. Higher education in Russia. 2015. No. 11. Pp. 154–158.

4. Ibragimov, G.I. On the role and place of problem training in modern higher education. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2016. No. 12. Pp. 21–26. DOI 10.20339/AM.12-16.021

5. Leushin, I.O., Leushina, I.V. Some problems of organization of the CDS at technical university. Higher education in Russia. 2017. No. 6. Pp. 51–56.

6. Makhmutov, M.I. Scientific works: In 7 vols. Vol. 1: Problem training. Kazan, 2016.

7. Novikov, A.M. Pedagogy: dictionary of the system of basic concepts. Moscow, 2013.

8. Orlov, V.I. Activity and independence of students. Pedagogy. 1998. No. 3. Pp. 44–48.

9. Petukhova, T.P., Belonovskaya, I.D., Glotova, M.I., Pashkevich, M.S. Independent work through the eyes of students and teachers: monitoring results. Higher education in Russia. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 80–85.

10. Senashenko, V., Zhalnina, N. Independent work of students as actual problem. Higher education in Russia. 2006. No. 7. Pp. 103–109.

11. Usachev, A.S. “Information navigators” and organization of independent work of students. Higher education in Russia. 2012. No. 2. Pp. 110–115.

12. Shakurov, R.H. Motivation and stimulation of quality of pedagogical activity in SSUZ. Motivating management. Kazan, 1996.