Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


The system of pedagogical assessment in higher education: from formalized to creative approach

E.S. Vylkova
80,00 ₽

UDC 378:37.09

DOI 10.20339/AM.09-23.015


Elena S. Vylkova, Dr. Sci. (Economics), Professor of the Department of Economics at Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation (RANEPA), North-West Institute of management-branch, St. Petersburg, e-mail:


In modern conditions, the development strategy of the domestic system of higher education involves a focus on the harmonious development of the individual and his creative abilities. However, the current system of pedagogical assessment in most universities, based on a point-rating system for assessing the knowledge, skills and abilities of students, is excessively formalized. The problem is that there is an urgent need to give the point-rating system a more creative content. The methods of research are the analysis of publications on the subject of the point-rating system and the identification of white spots in this subject field. An option is proposed to supplement the existing system of pedagogical assessment in higher education with a system of markers of students’ achievements, with their conversion at the end of the semester into bonus points. Such a system of fixing the super successes of students is designed to take into account their ability and desire to learn, diligence, interest in mastering new knowledge, breadth of horizons, involvement in the educational process. It also makes it possible to fully implement an individual approach to the assessment of the learning process and its results in relation to each specific student and take into account his various abilities in mastering certain competencies. The transition to an innovative point-bonus system of pedagogical assessment of training and its results allows you to add a creative, creative component to the formalized point-rating, as well as to any other assessment system. When introducing a point-bonus system in institutions of higher education, it is required to take into account their features based on the specifics of the areas of training, specialties and specializations, the region of the location of the university and other factors. In the context of a changing world and pedagogical paradigms, the point-bonus system of pedagogical assessment is designed to contribute to the improvement of higher education in Russia in the direction of the formation of a creative and creative personality of the teacher.

Keywords: pedagogical assessment; point-rating system of assessment; point-bonus assessment system; higher education; higher education system; digitalization in education; innovations in education.



  1. Belova, S.N. Point-rating system for assessing the quality of student training as an element of the quality management system of the educational process in the university. Siberian Pedagogical Journal. 2008. No. 2. P. 70–81. (In Rus.)
  2. Bobrova, L.V., Rybakova, E.A., Barabanova, M.I. Point-rating system as a tool to increase the motivation of students in the process of distance learning. Scientific almanac. 2015. No. 9 (11). P. 374-377 (In Rus.)
  3. Borkovskaya, V.G., Kovalev, A.S. Point-rating system of assessment of students as a tool for improving the quality of higher education. Construction: science and education. 2020. V. 10. No. 1. P. 7. (In Rus.)
  4. Borshchenko, G.M. Accumulative point-rating system as a factor accompanying the educational process. Pedagogical IMAGE. 2022. V. 16. No. 3 (56). P. 317–335. (In Rus.)
  5. Vylkova, E.S. The method of organization of the educational process: variable game solution of difficult educational problems (VIRTUOZ). Monograph. Sankt-Petersburg: Publishing and Printing Association of Higher Educational Institutions. 2022. 448 p. (In Rus.)
  6. Vylkova, E.S. (2014) Role-playing games as an innovative approach to improving the quality of the educational process at the university. Alma Mater (Vestnik vysshey shkoly). 2014. No. 2. P. 87–90. (In Rus.)
  7. Vylkova, E.S., Viktorova, N.G., Evstigneev, E.N. Transformation of higher financial and tax education in modern conditions. Alma Mater (Vestnik vysshey shkoly). 2021. No. 1. P. 43–51. DOI: 10.20339/АМ.01-21.043 (In Rus.)
  8. Grigorieva, T.V., Lukmanova, R.R., Kifik, N.Yu. The system of assessing the performance of students in the framework of the modernization of higher education in Russia and Kazakhstan (on the example of the Bashkir State University and the Kostanay State Pedagogical Institute). Vestnik of Bashkir University. 2016. V. 21. No. 3. P. 728–734. (In Rus.)
  9. Ilyashenko, L.K., Vaganova, O.I., Prokhorova, M.P. Point-rating evaluation system in the educational process of the university. Azimuth of scientific research: pedagogy and psychology. 2019. V. 8. No. 1(26). P. 141–143 (In Rus.)
  10. Karpovich, I.A. Teaching a foreign language in a university: a point-rating system as a means of increasing educational motivation. Azimuth of scientific research: pedagogy and psychology. 2021. V. 10. No. 1 (34). P. 147–149 (In Rus.)
  11. Lelchitsky, I.D., Golubeva, T.A., Kratovich, P.V. Strategies for the development of vocational education and training, taking into account the European experience of the credit system. Vestnik of Tver State University. Series: Pedagogy and Psychology. 2019. No. 3 (48). P. 153–164 (In Rus.)
  12. Lobanov, S.V., Biryukov, A.A. Point-rating system for assessing the academic performance of university students in the discipline ‘Physical culture’. Vestnik of the Moscow State Linguistic University. Education and pedagogical sciences. 2017. No. 1 (770). P. 27–35. (In Rus.)
  13. Mazuritskaya, M.A. Point-rating system as a means of motivating students to learn (on the example of the academic discipline ‘Library pedagogy’). Culture: theory and practice. 2022. No. 2 (47). No. 6. (In Rus.)
  14. Medvedeva, S.N. Mathematical modeling of knowledge control strategies taking into account the requirements of the ball-rating system of student knowledge control. Educational technologies and society. 2014. V. 17. No. 3. P. 420–447. (In Rus.)
  15. Menk, A.R., Kalyazhenkov, A.N. Point-rating assessment of military-technical competencies of students of the faculty of military education. Vesnik of South Ural State University. Series: Education. Pedagogical sciences. 2016. V. 8. No. 3. P.00–111. (In Rus.)
  16. Panachev, V.D. Use of the point-rating scale in the university. Vestnik of the Perm State Technical University. Electrical Engineering, Information Technologies, Control Systems. 2009. No. 3. P. 51–58. (In Rus.)
  17. Pikalo, I.A., Ankudinov, A.S., Melnikov, V.A., Akudovich, N.V. Point-rating system of assessment of students: past, present, prospects. Quality management system: experience and prospects. 2018. No. 7. P. 40–43. (In Rus.)
  18. Sazonov, B.A. Point-rating systems for assessing knowledge: features of Russian practice. Education and science. 2012. No. 9 (98). P. 15–34. (In Rus.)
  19. Senetskaya, L., Bozhenova, K. Point-rating system as a tool for managing the educational process. Deutsche Internationale Zeitschrift für Zeitgenössische Wissenschaft. 2021. No. 15. P. 42–44. (In Rus.)
  20. Starichenko, B.E. Point-rating system for assessing the educational activity of students: questions of appointment. Pedagogical education in Russia. 2017. No. 5. P. 116–125. (In Rus.)
  21. Starichenko, B.E. Point-rating system for assessing the educational activity of students: modeling issues. Pedagogical education in Russia. 2017. No. 6. P. 205–215. (In Rus.)
  22. Starichenko, B.E., Sardak, L.V., Strelkova, A.A. Point-rating system for assessing the educational activity of students: issues of implementation. Pedagogical education in Russia. 2017. No. 7. P. 141–148. (In Rus.)
  23. Dadakhonova, Z. The introduction of a credit-module system of education in Uzbekistan higher educational institutions. Bulletin of Science and Practice. 2021. V. 7. No. 6. P. 476–480.
  24. Mirzahan Egamberdiyev, Fatima Kozybakova Integration of Higher Education. In: The Republic of Kazakhstan National Innovation Systems. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. May, 2014. 131: 224–228.
  25. Nazarova, G.N., Rakhimova, S.G., Erkinova, M.T. Importance of credit system in higher education development of foreign developed countries. World Science. 2020. No. 2 (35). P. 7–10.
  26. Oripov, F.S., Dexkanova, N.A. The advantage of a credit-modular system of training in medical universities. Achievements of science and education. 2022. No. 2 (82). P. 115–120.
  27. Pastukhova, D.A., Grudistova, E.G. European credit system of education. Network Scientific and Practical Journal. 2015. Vol. 1. No. 3 (5). P. 30–36.
  28. Starichenko, B.E. Conceptual basics of computer didactics. Yelm: Science Book Publishing House. 2013. 184 p.