Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Transformation of higher education in the context of globalization: new formats and alternative models

I.V. Abakumova, M.V. Finko, Yu.S. Knyazeva
80,00 ₽

UDC 378        


I.V. Abakumova is Dr. Sci. (Psychology), Prof., Dean of the Faculty of Psychology, Pedagogy and Defectology, Head of Department of General and Сonsulting Psychology, and Academician at Russian Academy of Education e-mail:; M.V Finko is Dr. Sci. (Philosophy), Prof., Prof. at Department of Philosophy and World Religions e-mail:; and Yu.S. Knyazeva is Cand. Sci. (Economic Sciences), Ass. Prof., Head of Directorate of Education e-mail: All at Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don City


Discussed is the situation of the Universities inclusion in the transformation processes of Russian higher education, which is forced to respond to global challenges and internal needs for systemic changes. The key features of the higher education development in Russia are determined and the contradictions between the traditional formats of education organization and new educational models are identified. The general trends and problem areas of the development of educational systems of modern universities are highlighted. The transformation experience of the leading Russian universities, introducing alternative formats into the educational, scientific, socio-cultural field of the university, is analyzed. The results obtained enable to comprehend in a new way the changes taking place at universities and to determine promising directions for the development of the educational system. The presented materials confirm the possibility of an effective variant of the development of the transformation processes of university education, different from those ones being realized at the leading universities sites, as well as the preliminary results of the first stage of the experiment implementation of engineering education transformation carried out at Don State Technical University (the project “School X”, the creation of the Institute of Emerging Technologies). As further prospects for the development of the experimental activities of the university, the implementation of the unique project “T-University”, built on the basis of the principle of individual educational technologies, allowing to implement a new approach to the logic, design and content of the curriculum, which includes several levels: the university minimum, the field of science and technology, “Majors” and “electives”.

Key words: globalization; higher education; transformation of education; educational models; development strategies; personal learning paths; new educational practices; key competencies of an engineer.



  1. Barannikov, K.A., Remorenko, I.M. How results are created: methodological approaches to design of results of education. Psychological and pedagogical research. 2020. Vol. 12. No. 2. P. 3–23.
  2. Bogdan, E.S. Development as an important component of the competencies formation of competitive graduates of engineering specialties. Bulletin of Eurasian Science. 2019. Vol. 11. No. 3. P. 6.
  3. Bolotov, V.A., Motova, V.G., Navodnov, V.G. Global Aggregate Ranking of Universities: Russian Footprint. Higher Education in Russia. 2021. Vol. 30. No. 3. P. 9–25.
  4. Bryzgalina, E.V. Fundamental education at a modern university as a response to modern challenges. Problems of higher education. Bulletin of Voronezh State University. 2021. No. 1. P. 5–9.
  5. Veshneva, I.V., Singatulin, R.A. Transformation of education: trends, prospects. Higher education in Russia. 2016. No. 2. P. 143–148.
  6. Gerasimov, G.I. Transformation of education — the socio-cultural potential of the Russian society development: thesis abstract of Dr. Philosophy. Rostov-on-Don, 2005. 58 p.
  7. Global competitiveness of Russian education // Modern analytics of education / I.V. Abankina, A.A. Belikov, O.S. Gaponova, F.F. Dudyrev, Yu.N. Koreshnikova, I.A. Korshunov, S.G. Kosaretsky, T.A. Mertsalova, A.K. Nisskaya, D.P. Platonova, P.S. Sorokin, B.M. Talovskaya, I.D. Frumin. Materials for discussion. Moscow: HSE, 2017. No. 3 (20). 112 p.
  8. Gorshkov, M.K. Tikhonova, N.E., Mareeva, S.V. [et al.]. Modernization of Russian education: problems and prospects. Moscow: Center for Social Forecasting and Marketing, 2010. 350 p.
  9. Twelve solutions for new education: report of the Center for Strategic Research and Higher School of Economics. Ya.I. Kuzminov, I.D. Frumin (Eds.). Moscow: Center for Strategic Research; Higher School of Economics, 2018. 105 p.
  10. Efimov, V.S., Lapteva, A.V. Phase transformations and the future of universities: philosophical and methodological analysis. University management: practice and analysis. 2016. No. 6. P. 146–158.
  11. Klyuev, A.K., Tomilin, O.B. University management: results of transformation. University management: practice and analysis. 2018. Vol. 22. No. 1. P. 93–104.
  12. Kuzminov, Ya.I. Challenges and prospects for the development of universities in Russia. University management: practice and analysis. 2018. No. 22(4). P. 5–8.
  13. Naletova, I.V., Shcherbakova A.A. The influence of the globalization process on higher education. Nauka. Society. State. 2017. Vol. 5. No. 2 (18). P. 147–151.
  14. Onosov, A.A., Bryzgalina, E.V., Savina, N.E., Tumanov, S.V. Foreign learning platforms in the Russian education system: assessment of potential and risk forecasting. Higher education in Russia. 2018. Vol. 27. No. 8-9. P. 135–151.
  15. Our research university “Higher school of economics”. D.P. Platonova, Ya.I. Kuzminova, I.D. Frumin (Eds.). Moscow: Publishing House of Higher School of Economics, 2019. 319 p.
  16. Sandler, D.G., Sudakova, A.E., Tarasova T. Drivers of development of regional higher education systems. Economy of the region. 2020. Vol. 16. No. 4. P. 1087–1103.
  17. Starostin, A.M. Philosophy of higher education as an instrument of interdisciplinary analysis and forecast. Philosophy of education in the global and national dimension. A.U. Albekov, A.M. Starostin, A.Yu. Goloborodko (Eds.). Rostov-on-Don: Published by Printing Office of RSUE (RINH), 2018. P. 10–19. 312 p.
  18. Frolov, A.V. Globalization of higher education, contradictions and innovations. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2011. Vol. 8. P. 61–66.
  19. Chumakov, A.N. The main trends of world development: realities and prospects. The Age of Globalization. 2018. No. 4(28). P. 3–15.
  20. Shvedova, S.V., Maevskaya, I.M. Digitalization of the study process: risks and prospects in the context of the covid-19 pandemic. PRIMO ASPECTU. 2020. No. 3 (43). P. 85–92.
  21. Nureev, R., Volchik, V., Strielkowski, W. (2020). Neoliberal reforms in higher education and the import of institutions. Social Sciences. No. 9 (5). P. 1–18.
  22. Seroshtan, M.V. & Ketova, N.P. (2020). Modern Russian universities: Positioning, development trends, potential to enhance competitive advantages. Higher education in Russia. No. 29 (2). P. 27–40.
  23. Savelyeva, N.K., Kuklin, A.V., Lapteva, I.P., & Malysheva, N.V. (2019). The investment attractiveness of a regional market of educational services as the basis of its global competitiveness in industry 4.0. On the Horizon. No. 27 (3-4). P. 239–244.
  24. Smirnova, E.V., Vaganova, O.I., Smirnova, Z.V., Petrovsky, A.M., Kuznetsova, E.A. & Chanchina, A.V. (2019). Development of communicative competencies of university students. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering. No. 8 (8). P. 1885–1890.