Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Kyrgyzstan Youth and their historical memory about the Great Victory

G.I. Osadchaya, A.A. Chernikova

UDC 316.34(575.2)

G.I. Osadchaya is Dr. Sci. (Sociology), Prof., Head of Department for Research of Social and Demographic Processes in the EAEU, Institute for Demographic Research е-mail:; and A.A. Chernikova is Junior Researcher of Department for Research of Social and Demographic Processes in the EAEU е-mail:, both at Institute for Demographic Research — Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of RAS (IDI FNISTs RAS)


Presented are results of a sociological study (qualitative comparative analysis of in-depth interviews) in the historical memory of Kyrgyzstan young citizens as one of participating states of Eurasian integration, namely, their ideas about World War II and formation of historical memory, as well as understanding and interpretation of integration processes between countries of NIS. For the Soviet Union citizens, the victory in World War II was not just a socio-historical milestone. Social time is a key element in formation of historical memory. It is interesting how the social time of historical events can be interpreted quite subjectively in a given community. Since the Victory was the most important event in the history of the Soviet Union, it can be assumed that historical memory of the war serves as a social link of integration processes. Therefore, the study of descendants historical memory of the victors in the Great Patriotic War becomes an interesting and scientifically urgent task. The specificity of this study was the methodology based on the use of a qualitative comparative analysis of results of in-depth interviews of Kyrgyzstan young citizens. More than 400 persons were interviewed using a non-random sample, and no less than 50 informants from each group, selected by the snowball method. The empirical object of research is the youth of the Kyrgyzstan Republic, belonged to the generation of “millennials” and “postmillennials” (18–38 years old). The historical memory of the Great Victory is largely connected with today’s ideas about the Eurasian integration of the NIS. Although it would seem that the content of the social memory of young people does not have a direct impact on the process of Eurasian integration, but as a potential force, it can spontaneously manifest itself in public life, or under certain conditions and the presence of an organized force, it can be included in the socio-political discourse.

Key words: sociological survey, youth, post-Soviet States, EAEU, CSTO, Eurasian integration, historical memory, Great Patriotic War, Great Victory.


1. Buyukli, D.A. Preserving the historical memory of the contribution of the Russian Orthodox Church to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. Vestnik TSU. 2019. No. 180. P. 179–185.

2. Vartanova, M.L., Osadchaya, G.I., Seleznev, I.A., Chernikova, A.A. Historical memory of youth about the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. In: Russian society and the state in a pandemic: socio-political situation and demographic development of the Russian Federation in 2020, Publisher: Limited Liability Company “Publishing and Trade House “PERSPECTIVE”. Moscow, 2020. P. 384–407.

3. Gudkov, L. Victory in the war: towards the sociology of one symbol. Monitoring. 1997. No. 5. P. 12–19.

4. Zhanbosinova, A.S. Cultural and memorialization of the Great Patriotic War at the present stage, World of Great Altai. 2015. No. 1 (2). P. 124.

5. Zerubawel, J. Dynamics of collective memory. Empire and nation in the mirror of historical memory. Moscow: New publishing house, 2011. P. 10–25.

6. Appeal of the heads of state-participants of the CIS to the peoples of the Commonwealth countries and the world community in connection with the 75th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. URL: 75th anniversary of the victory-of-the-Soviet-people-in-the-great-patriotic-war-1941-1945-years

7. Osadchaya, G.I., Seleznev, I.A., Kireev, E.Yu., Chernikova, A.A., Vartanova, M.L. Great Victory, historical time and social memory of young generations of countries participating in Eurasian integration. In: Great Victory of the Soviet people: socio-political and demographic aspects. Moscow: Publishing house “Econ-Inform”, 2020. P. 105–123. DOI: 10.38085/978-5-907-233-70-6-2020-1-452

8. Osadchaya, G.I. Eurasian integration processes: socio-political dimension. Moscow: Biblio-Globus, 2018. P. 141, 143, 146; Seleznev, I.A. A quarter of a century guarding collective security (to the 25th anniversary of the collective security treaty and the 15th anniversary of the CSTO). Countering terrorism. Problems of the XXI century. Countering terrorism. 2018. P. 16–23.

9. Osadchaya, G.I., Seleznev, I.A., Kireev, E.Yu., Chernikova, A.A. The Great Patriotic War in the historical memory of the youth of the countries participating in the Eurasian integration. Social and humanitarian knowledge, 2020. No. 3. P. 7–25. DOI: 10.34823/SGZ.2020.2.51364

10. Memory and countermemory of the future: lecture notes by Marianne Hirsch. URL: http://publichistorylab. ves/424 (accessed on: 04.03.2020); Hirsch, M. Post-Memory Generation: Writing. Visual Culture after the Holocaust. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.

11. Putin thanked the CSTO countries for supporting the resolution against Nazism. URL: (accessed on: 27.01.2021).

12. Sociological encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl, 2003. P. 179.

13. Halbwax, M. Social framework of memory Moscow: New publishing house, 2007. P. 348; Halbwax, M. Social framework of memory. Moscow: New publishing house, 2007. P. 185–219.

14. Assmann, J. Das kulturelle Gedächtnis. Schrift, Errinerung und politische Identität in frühen Hochkulturen. Munich: K. H. Beck, 1992.

15. Heinrich, H.-A. Kollektive Erinnerungen der Deutschen. Theoretische Konzepte und empirische Befunde zum Sozialen Gedächtnis. Munich: Juventa Verlag Weinheim und München, 2002.

16. Norra, P. La Republik. Les lieux de memoire. Vol. 1. Paris, 1984.

17. Osadchaya, G.I., Seleznev, I.A., Kireev, E.Yu., Vartanova, M.L., Chernikova, A.A. The memory of youth of the countries participating in Eurasian integration: the current state and mechanisms of formation. Revista Inclusiones. Vol. 7. No. Especial. Julio — September 2020. P. 368–379.

18. URL: https: // 4565 thousand people # (accessed on: 13.02.2021).

19. URL: (accessed on: 13.02.2021).

20. URL: (accessed on: 03.02.2021).

21. URL: http //

22. URL:

23. URL:митинг-как-источник-заработка-в-киргизии/a-14845634