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Johann Fichte: moral-legal order

E.G. Khanzina

UDC 1(091)

E.G. Hanzina is Cand. Sci. (Philosophy), Lecturer at Murmansk State Technical University e-mail:


Discussed are views of the known German philosopher J. Fichte about foundations of organization of society. J. Fichte has offered a variant of formation of the bases for the sustainable functioning of society. This variant is connected with criticism which was carried out by the philosopher concerning of his epoch. Research has shown that features of an epoch of the Fichte's epoch are peculiar to an epoch of a postmodern. J. Fichte’s philosophical views on the organization of society are reconstructed in the form of a model of the moral-legal order. Prominent feature of model is structure and orderliness of intrinsic elements of the order. The model characterizes communications of interaction, functioning and management. The typological characteristic of the links allows us to define specific characteristics of the order. First, this is presence of the certain type of attitudes which have moral-legal character. Secondly, this is presence of the factor which forms hierarchical structure of the organization of the order. Thirdly — presence of a coordination between members of a society; in-fourth, it is the factor of detection of the order. According to the author, the model of the moral and legal order is an option for the sustainable functioning of society.

Key words: J. Fichte, order, communications, attributes of the order, freedom, reason, morals, right, structure.


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