Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge

N.S. Chernyakova
80,00 Р

UDC 37.01+159.95      


Natalia S. Chernyakova, Dr. Sci. (Philosophy), Professor at Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Northern People Institute, Professor, e-mail:


The article analyzes the role of dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge. Based on the study of the essence of thinking as the highest form of reflection of reality, the conclusion is substantiated that no technical means can replace dialogue as the main method of disclosure, analysis and understanding of the ideal content of material carriers. The dialogue is a necessary condition for the formation of knowledge, since only in the process of a real dialogue of thinking subjects the ideal content – thought — is continuously encoded and decoded in the language of communication, leaving in consciousness a trail of questions about the meaning of what was said. Dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge is not just a conversation or an alternation of monologues. Dialogue is a process of continuous movement of the ideal content of consciousness of the subjects leading the dialogue to the emergence of a new – conceptual — level of understanding of the subjects studied; to realize one’s own opinion not as arbitrariness or repetition of other people’s statements, but as the result of a long, complex and strenuous process of accumulation, processing and rethinking of already existing knowledge.

Key words: thinking, knowledge, ideal content, dialogue, Socratic method, visualization.



1. Asmus, V.F. Ancient philosophy. Moscow: Vysshaia shkola, 1976. 543 p.

2. Bybler, V.S. On the edges of the logic of culture. The book of selected essays. Moscow: Russian Phenomenological Society, 1997. 440 p.

3. Bratash, V.S. The modern stage of transformation of the educational text: the dominance of the visual component. Bulletin of the Moscow City Pedagogical University. Series: Pedagogy and Psychology. 2020. No. 1 (51). P. 107–117.

DOI 10.25688/2076-9121.2020.51.1.11.

4. Wolfson, Y.R., Volchina, A.E. Visual perception in modern society, or Where is the Guttenberg Galaxy moving? Modern studies of social problems. 2015. No. 4 (48). P. 177–189.

5. Gnatyshina, E.A., Ivanova, O.E. Methodological potential of socratic dialogue as an innovative approach to project management. Azimut of scientific research: pedagogy and psychology. 2017. Vol. 6. No. 3 (20). P. 59–62.

6. Gubaidullina, M.S., Chernykh, O.P. The Socratic method and its use in the organization of socratic seminars. Manuscript. 2018. No. 10. P. 77–81. DOI: 10.30853/manuscript.2018-10.14

7. Ivanova, O.E., Khabibullin, F.H. Transformation of socratic conversation as an educational practice. Baltic Humanitarian Journal. 2018. Vol. 7. No. 1 (22). P. 246–249.

8. Kazakova, E.I. Texts of a new nature: problems of interdisciplinary research. Psychological science and education. 2016. Vol. 21. No. 4. P. 102–109.

9. Lewis, J.G. Ancient Philosophy: from Thales to Socrates. Minsk: Galaxias, 1997. 208 p.

10. Maslov, V.M. Visibility and visualization in paradigmatic and humanistic plans. Modern problems of science and education. 2014. No. 2. P. 1–8. URL: (accessed on: 10.01.2022).

11. Perminova, L.M. On the correlation of verbal and visual in a modern school textbook. Pedagogy. 2020. No. 5. P. 32–39.

12. Putistina, O.V. Cognitive visualization as a way of developing educational autonomy in foreign language education. Pedagogy. Questions of theory and practice. 2021. No. 5. P. 871–877. DOI: 10.30853/ped210122

13. Usoltsev, A.P., Shamalo, T.N. Visibility and its functions in teaching. Pedagogical education in Russia. 2016. No. 6. P. 102–109.

14. Chernyakova, N.S. Epistemological and socio-cultural features of critical thinking. Review of pedagogical research. 2021. Vol. 3. No. 3. P. 199–203.

15. Chernyakova, N.S. Knowledge society as myth and reality. Culture and Civilization. 2021. Vol. 11. No. 3A. P. 69–77.