Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education

=

As stormed heaven (on the 100th anniversary of workers’ faculties)

E.E. Platova
80,00 Р

UDC 378.096: 94

https://doi.org/10.20339/AM.04-19.112

 

E.E. Platova is Dr.Sci. (History), prof. at Petersburg State University of means of communication of Emperor Alexander I e-mail: eplatova@mail.ru

 

Made is attempt of analytical interpretation from modern positions of history of workers’ faculties as organizational pedagogical innovation of the Soviet period. The article shows, that through training workers and peasants at workers’ faculties successful was “proletarianization” of composition of students only in industrial and technical universities. Noted is, that by all successes of workers’ faculties in training cadres of specialists, there aren’t any reasons for exaggeration of their historical role in development of higher education. Moreover, from the mid of 1930th replenishment of higher school was being fulfilled at the expense of secondary school graduates. Thus, workers’ faculties epoch has become history heritage.

Key words: workers’ faculties, national commissariat for education, worker-peasant youth, higher education, intellectuals.

 

References

1. Vikhirev, N.V. Workers’ faculties to the decade of October. Moscow-Leningrad, 1927.

2. Decrees of Soviet power. Vol. III. Moscow, 1964.

3. Directives of the CPSU (b) on education. Moscow, 1931.

4. Katuntseva, N.M. Role of workers’ faculties in shaping people’s frame of intellectuals in the USSR. Moscow, 1966.

5. Red youth. 1924. No. 2.

6. Cultural construction in the RSFSR. 1917–1920. TsGA RSFSR. Moscow, 1983.

7. People’s education 1919. No. 30.

8. People's education. 1920. No. 59–61. P. 11.

9. Popular education. 1927. No. 11–12.

10. Safrazian, N.L. Struggle of the CPSU for construction of the Soviet high school (1921–1927). Moscow, 1977.

11. Collection of laws and regulations of the worker-peasant government. 1919. No. 45.

12. Collection of laws and regulations of the worker and peasant government. 1920. No. 80.

13. Fortunatov, V.V. Fight of Communist Party for breeding studentship in the spirit of socialism in the first half of the 20th (on materials of Petrograd). In: Party leadership over higher school of the USSR. Leningrad, 1982.