Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education

=

Digital risk phenomenon: its conceptualization and impact on modern social reality

M.V. Kostolomova
80,00 Р

UDC 314/316-042.4:004

https://doi.org/10.20339/AM.03-21.022

 

M.V. Kostolomova is PhD in Sociology, Leading Researcher at Institute of Socio-Political Research, Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR FCTAS RAS) e-mail: m.kostolomova@yandex.ru

 

Presented is the analysis of digital risks as a phenomenon of modern society that has a transformational impact on all spheres of human life. Methodologically based on the postulates of riskology, the author notes the fact that each branch of knowledge actually forms its own theoretical context. The article proposes the concept of studying risks from a sociological position, which to a greater extent allows you to concentrate on a person who becomes one of the determining factors in the aspect of determining the essence of risks and overcoming them. The author draws attention to the fact that, although the risks are inherently inherent in social reality, the risks of digitalization are formed spontaneously and have a number of specific features. The article provides the author’s definition of “digital risks”, as well as the question of how to anticipate or adapt to them. The study further provides a categorization of digitalization risks according to the corresponding level of manifestation in social reality at the micro and macro levels. As the main risks that can lead to the most profound transformations of society, the author singles out the risk of intensifying the process of dehumanization, as well as the risk of developing digital deviant behavior. A detailed analysis of these risks, presented in the article, made it possible to conclude that the specificity of digital risks lies not only in different levels of manifestation, but also in algorithms of preventive measures. In the final part of the work, the author’s conclusions are presented for the subsequent development of practical recommendations.

Key words: digital risks, digitalization, social reality, transformation, dehumanization, digital deviation.

 

References

1. Baudrillard, J. Simulacrs and simulations. Moscow: Publ. house “Postum” 2015.

2. Global strategy of dis-humanity. Sobor mountain. URL: https://sobornaya-gorka.ru/2017/08/10/s-drugoj-storony/ (accessed on: 15.12.2020).

3. Key stages of the project Avatar. Russia-2045. Strategic public movement. URL: http://www.2045.ru (accessed on: 06.122020).

4. Kostolomova, M.V. Trans-humanism: from ideas to paradigm. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2019. No. 6. P. 17–22. DOI: 10.20339/AM.06-19.017

5. Kostolomova, M.V. Digital deviation as the phenomena of new social reality: methodological fundament and conceptualization of the meaning. Sociology science and social practice. 2020. No. 2. P. 41–52.

6. Mozgovaya, A.V., Shlykova, E.V. Social resources and adaptation to risk: choice for strategy (example of social community under situation of concrete risk). Social science and social practice. 2014. No. 4 (8). P. 25–49.

7. Makienko, M.A. Origins of de-humanization of scientific knowledge. Izvestia of Tomsk polytechnic university. 2011. Vol. 318. No. 6. P. 72–77.

8. Marcuse, H. Single-measured person. Moscow: Refl-book. 1994. 368 p.

9. Nitzsche, F. So Zaratustra speaks. Across another side of good and evil. Moscow: Book club Knigovek, 2011. 576 p.

10. Cloud laboratory: the future is already here. URL: https://www.popmech.ru/technologies/58452-oblachnaya-laboratoriya-budushchee-uzhe-zdes/ (accessed on: 16.12.2020).

11. Digital tracks. What would be made to know about person his behavior in the network. URL: htts://iq.hse.ru/news/36995706.html 9 (accessed on: 12.12.2020).

12. Spitzer, M. Anti-brain. Digital technologies and the brain. Moscow: AST, 2013. 288 p.

13. Kardefelt-Winther, D. The moderating role of psychosocial well-being on the relationship between escapism and excessive online gaming. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 38. September 2014. P. 68–74. DOI: 10.1016/J.CHB.2014.05.020

14. Luhmann, N. Der Begriff Risiko. In: Luhmann N. Soziologie des Risokos. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1991. P. 9–40.

15. Martins, M.V. et al. Adolescent internet addiction a role of parental control and adolescent behaviors. International Journal of pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. December 2019. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/search/advanced?qs=internen%20adolescents (accessed on: 13.12.2020).

16. Stockdale, L.A., Coyne, S.M. Bored and online: Reasons for using social media, problematic social networking site use, and behavioral outcomes across the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Journal of Adolescence. Vol. 79. February 2020 P. 173–183. DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.01.010