Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Soviet cosmic technologies as an example of utilization of science and education as factors of innovations

S.V. Kostyukevich
80,00 Р

 PhD in Sociology ,

Senior Researcher Institute of Sociology

The National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus



Example of the USSR in utilization of science and education as key factors in scientific- and technological development is analyzed in the article. Shown is what exactly components of Soviet higher education guaranteed progress of innovation technologies in military and cosmic spheres. Soviet experience is also analyzed in context of modern strategy, developed by Irish academy of engineering and presented in the Report of the year of 2010 “Engineering investigation in economic development of Ireland”.

Key words: technological progress, engineering investigation, engineering education, scientific preparation, science capacious economy, elite education
1.                  Strazhev V.I. Education and Sciences in the Modern World. Minsk: BSU, 2004
2.                  Smirnov E. Will Russia become a high-tech country? // Alma Mater (High School Herald). - 2003. - #1. - Pages 34-36.
3.                  Strazhev V.I. Five reforms of the Soviet school system // Alma Mater (Journal of Higher Education). - 2005. - #5. - Pages 3-17.
4.                  Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development. The Paper prepared by a Taskforce of the Irish Academy of Engineering. — December, 2010. — Irish Academy of Engineering: Dublin. — [URL]: http://academy
5.                  Interview with Alexander Surikov, a Russian Ambassador in Belarus. [URL]:
6.                  Bain Olga B. & Zakharov Iouri A. & Nosova Natalia B. From Centrally Mandated to Locally Demanded Service: the Russian case — Higher Education 35. — 1998. — P. 49—67.
7.                  Cassidy F.H. On the Paradox of Russia // Problems of Philosophy. – 2000. - # 6. - Pages 87-91.
8.                  Karlov N.V., Kudryavtsev N.N. National Economy of Russia and Moscow’s Institute of Physics and Technology // Alma Mater (High School Herald).- 2004. - # 5. - Pages 17-20.
9.                  Ian R. Dobson. Science at the crossroads? The decline of science in Australian higher education // Tertiary Education and Management. — 2006. — No.12. — P. 183-195.