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Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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Background Causes for the Establishment of A System for Training Technical Specialists in the Volga Region

O.A. Vagaeva, Yu.V. Veldina
80,00 Р

UDC [377+378](091)


Olga A. Vagaeva, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Docent, Associate Professor of Department “Pedagogics and Psychology” at Penza State Technological University, ORCID: 0000-0003-0161-746X, e-mail:

Yuliya V. Vel’dina, Cand. Sc. (Pedagogy), Associate Professor of Department “Foreign languages” at Penza State Technological University, ORCID: 0000-0002-3217-9872, e-mail:


The article deals with background causes for the establishment of a system for training technical specialists in the Volga Region which generally determined the vector and specifics of its further development including at the present stage.

Currently the complex geopolitical situation in the Russian Federation, as well as a special military operation in Ukraine requires the mobilization of all resources to maintain the domestic market and industry development at a high level. In this connection it seems possible to refer to the rich experience of the development of the technical education system which has more than once helped to maintain the sustainable development of our country in difficult conditions.

In our opinion the background causes for the establishment of a system for training technical specialists in the Volga Region are socio-political (the Civil War, the USSR formation, international isolation and confrontation with Western countries, the educational institutions’ evacuation during the Great Patriotic War in the rear and etc.), social and economic (the implementation of domestic industrialization policy in the USSR, the need to restore the economy in the period of the Great Patriotic War, the industrial enterprises’ appearance), pedagogical (appearance of the first educational institutions in the second half of the 19th century, the need to train specialists locally) and ideological (belief in the possibility of building socialism, universal equality and accessibility of goods, including education, for all, hostility of capitalist countries towards the USSR, premature heating of ideological conflict in the world).

The choice of the territorial framework is determined by the fact that the Volga Region is one of the central regions of Russia and the peculiarities of the technical training system’s development are also typical for other regions of our country.

The cycle extends from the second half of the 19th century when the first technical educational institutions were established in the region’s cities to the early 1960s when the system for training of technical specialists in the Volga region was finally formed.

Key words: education, vocational education, technical education, background causes, the Volga region, industrialization.



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