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ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
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Dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge

N.S. Chernyakova
80,00 Р

UDC 37.01+159.95

https://doi.org/10.20339/AM.05-22.031      

 

Natalia S. Chernyakova, Dr. Sci. (Philosophy), Professor at Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Northern People Institute, Professor, e-mail: Cherns2011@yandex.ru

 

The article analyzes the role of dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge. Based on the study of the essence of thinking as the highest form of reflection of reality, the conclusion is substantiated that no technical means can replace dialogue as the main method of disclosure, analysis and understanding of the ideal content of material carriers. The dialogue is a necessary condition for the formation of knowledge, since only in the process of a real dialogue of thinking subjects the ideal content – thought — is continuously encoded and decoded in the language of communication, leaving in consciousness a trail of questions about the meaning of what was said. Dialogue as a method of developing thinking and acquiring knowledge is not just a conversation or an alternation of monologues. Dialogue is a process of continuous movement of the ideal content of consciousness of the subjects leading the dialogue to the emergence of a new – conceptual — level of understanding of the subjects studied; to realize one’s own opinion not as arbitrariness or repetition of other people’s statements, but as the result of a long, complex and strenuous process of accumulation, processing and rethinking of already existing knowledge.

Key words: thinking, knowledge, ideal content, dialogue, Socratic method, visualization.

 

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