Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Step by step to online encyclopedia

F.G. Yalalov
80,00 ₽


F.G. Yalalov is Dr.Sci. (Pedagogy), prof. at Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University e-mail: 


Presented is the author’s periodization of domestic electronic encyclopedias, being determined by him, as offline encyclopedia (the end of the 20th century), network encyclopedia Web 1.0 (the end of 20th  — the beginning of the 21st centuries) and online encyclopedia Web 2.0 (the beginning of the 21st century). Systematization of methodological principles of online encyclopedia was also done, concerning, on one hand, subjects, engaged in development, starting and functioning of encyclopedic resource, and on the other hand objects of informational system, as well as principles, relating at the same time to portal and content, i.e. interactivity and integrity.

Key words: offline encyclopedia, network encyclopedia Web 1.0, online encyclopedia Web 2.0, electronic and digital content, portal Tatarica 2.0.



  1. Akmayeva, R.I. Strategic management: manual. Moscow, 2010.
  2. “The future is not free”: How Minnikhanov opened a pilot point 5G. URL:
  3. Order of the Government of the RF dated August 25, 2016. No. 1791. URL:
  4. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated May 7, 2018 No. 204 “About the national purposes and strategic problems of development of the Russian Federation until 2024” .URL:
  5. Yalalov, F.G. Methodological foundations of online-encyclopedia Tatarica 2.0. URL:
  6. Yalalov, F.G. Technological bases of the online encyclopedia Tatarica 2.0. URL:
  7. Broсkhaus-NEGmdH. URL:
  8. Den Store Danske Encyklopaedi. URL:
  9. Encyclopedia Britannica. URL:
  10. Encyclopedie Universalis. URL:
  11. National Еncyklopedin. URL:
  12. Spanish Encyclopedia. URL: