Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Informal employment of scientific and pedagogical staff of universities

O.A. Polyushkevich
80,00 Р


O.A. Polyushkevich is Cand.Sci. (Philosophy), doc. at Institute of Social Sciences of Irkutsk State University e-mail:


Analyzed is the problem of informal employment of scientific and pedagogical staff of university. Examined are results of a study conducted in 2017 on territories of Siberia and the Far East in 12 cities with large universities. As a result of the research, revealed is, that 64% of scientific and pedagogical personnel are involved in informal employment. Indicated are basic forms of informal employment, i.e. tutoring, consulting services, academic gostraiting, artistic creativity. Given is their assessment, shown are impact on current state and prospects for changing social, scientific and pedagogical reproduction of society in the future, and also conducted is comparative study with the data of other authors, as well as analyzed were forms and causes of this phenomenon, and proposed are options for it’s regulation.

Key words: informal employment, scientific and pedagogical staff, labor market, university.



1. Arkhipova, T.D., Kornilov, V.D. Brain drain, or migration of scientific personnel from Russia. In: Socio-economic development of regions. Moscow, 2015, pp. 58–60.

2. Balakhina, T.P. Economics of tutoring: motives, incentives, models. Finance & Business. 2011, no. 2, pp. 4–15.

3. Bardin, B. Tutoring forever? No, it is eradicable! Practical journal for the teacher and school administration. 2006, no. 2, pp. 24–27.

4. Bray, M. Private additional training (tutoring): a comparative analysis of models and consequences. Problems of education. 2007, no. 1, pp. 65–84.

5. Gitis, L.H. Tutoring as element of qualitative education. Mining informational analytical bulletin (Scientific & technical journal). 2004, no. 12, pp. 40–45.

6. Zotova, O.Yu., Mostikov, S.V. “Brain drain”, or “brain circulation”: socio-psychological features of migration of scientists. Law. Economy. Psychology. 2015, no. 3 (3), pp. 82–88.

7. Kolesnikova, I.A. “Academic costraiting”: the market of imitation of scientific and educational activity. Continuous education: the 21st century. 2017, no. 2 (18), pp. 127–148.

8. Kravchenko, N.V. Tutoring as a form of manifestation of the mental illness of teachers. In: Factors and conditions for eradication of corruption and other negative phenomena in education: psychological and pedagogical aspect (example of the Krasnodar territory). Slavyansk-on-Kuban. 2016, pp. 103–104.

9. Krolivetskaya, I.E., Kalinin, A.E. Tutoring as a way to improve the quality of education. Prospects for development of science and education. Moscow, 2015, pp. 88–91.

10. Pelmenev, V.K., Lukashenya, Z.V. Theoretical grounds for implementation of consulting professional activities of university instructor. Bulletin of Baltic Federal University n.a. I. Kant. Series: Philology, Pedagogy, Psychology. 2016, no. 1, pp. 96–106.

11. “Brain drain”: causes and consequences. Alma mater (Vestnik vysshei shkoly). 2008, no. 2, pp. 38–45.

12. Filchenkova, I.F. Technologies for involving teachers in innovative activity: technology of consulting. European Social Science Journal. 2016, no. 12–2, pp. 247–253.