Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education


Formation of competencies of engineering personnel of the rocket, space and aviation industries in the field of reliability assurance of complex technical systems

Vladimir T. Kalugin, Alexander Yu. Lutsenko, Irina K. Romanova-Bolshakova
80,00 ₽
UDC 378:629.7
DOI 10.20339/AM.07-24.065

Vladimir T. Kalugin, Dr. Sc. (Engineering), Professor, Head of the NUC SM Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Alexander Yu. Lutsenko, Cand. Sc. (Engineering), Docent, First Deputy Dean of the Faculty of SM Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Irina K. Romanova-Bolshakova*, Cand. Sc. (Engineering), Docent, Deputy Dean for Master’s Degree of the Faculty of SM Bauman Moscow State Technical University, e-mail:,


The requirements of the modern stage of training specialists in the field of rocket and space technology (RST) are noted, including the implementation of the requirements for the formation of integrated competencies in the field of ensuring the quality and reliability of RST products. The main features of the RST reliability requirements, the relationship between reliability and failures, and reliability measures carried out in the industry are determined. The reliability characteristics of the main components of the spacecraft, including control systems, on-board equipment, programs, electronic component base, strength, and technological processes are given. Classifications of tests and reliability control are given. Based on the conducted research, the main directions of training engineers in the field of RST for the formation of competencies in the field of reliability, taking into account the requirements of the industry, are determined. Examples of the implementation of requirements in the programs of disciplines on UGSN 24 at the Faculty of Special Mechanical Engineering of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University are given.

Keywords. Rocket and space technology, reliability of RST products and their main components, measures to ensure reliability, training of RST engineers, integrated competencies



1. Tyugashev, A.A. Approach to ensuring the fault tolerance of spacecraft on the basis of design automation of intelligent onboard software. Reliability and quality of complex systems. 2016. No. 2 (14). Р. 9–16.

2. Romanova-Bolshakova, I.K. Multicriteria optimization of the choice of the indicators of the state and reliability of objects. Development and debugging technologies of complex technical systems. Proceedings of the VIII All-Russian scientific-practical conference. Moscow, 2022. P. 204–217.

3. Milovanov, V.A. Spacecraft reliability calculations using the statistical regularities of failures of devices, units and assemblies during operation. Space Engineering and Technology. 2021. No. 4 (35). P. 53–65. DOI: 10.33950/spacetech-2308-7625-2021-4-53-65

4. Trefilova, T.A., Biryukova, G.A. Measures to ensure reliability at the stages of design, production and operation of the products (in Russian). Electronics and Electrical Equipment of Transport. 2020. No. 4. P. 42–44.

5. Gubarev, A.V., Kotyaeva, A.D. Analysis of the principles and methods of the spacecraft reliability assurance at the life cycle stages (in Russian). NovaInfo. 2022. 135. P. 8–9.

6. Kurenkov, V.I. Methods of reliability assurance and experimental testing of rocket and space technology. Samara: Publ. House SGAU, 2012. 257 p.

7. Liseikin, V.A., Moiseyev, N.F., Saidov, G.G., Frolov, O.P. Fundamentals of the test theory experimental development of rocket and space technology / edited by Dr. of Technical Sciences V.K. Chvanov. Moscow: Mashinostroenie – Polet/Viart Plus, 2015. 253 p.

8. Pakulin, N.V., Lavrischeva, E.M., Ryzhov, A.G., Zelenov, S.V. Analysis of the methods for the reliability assessment of the equipment and systems. Practice of methods application. Proceedings of the Institute of System Programming of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2018. 30 (3): 99–120. URL:

9. To the question of establishing the safety coefficients and safety margins at a given probability of non-destruction of power structures / Yu.P. Pokhabov, D.O. Shendalyov, A.Yu. Kolobov et al. Siberian Aerospace Journal. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 1. P. 166–176. DOI: 10.31772/2712-8970-2021-22-1-166-176

10. Malysheva, G.V., Romanova, I.K. Optimization of the choice of parameters characterizing the state of the object when solving reliability problems. Repair, Restoration, Modernization. 2015. No. 6. P. 33–38.

11. Gecha, V.Ya., Barbul, R.N., Sidnyaev, N.I., Butenko, Iu.I. Methodology of spacecraft reliability assessment during design and engineering development. Reliability. 2019. 19 (2): 3–8. URL:

12. Tyugashev, A.A., Tyugashev, A.A., Ermakov, I.E. Ways to improve the reliability and quality of software in the space industry. Management of Large Systems. 2012. Iss. 39. P. 288–299.

13. Goncharov, V.V., Baklanov, V.I., Burtsev, A.S. et al. Reliability assessment technology for the elements of the radio-electronic equipment long-term functioning in the conditions of the space. Izvestia of vuzov. Instrument Engineering. 2018. Vol. 61. No. 7. P. 612–617.

14. Abramov, N.S., Talalaev, A.A., Fralenko, V.P. et al. High-performance neural network system for monitoring the state and behavior of spacecraft subsystems based on telemetry data. Software Systems: Theory and Applications. 2017. 8: 3 (34). P. 109–131.

15. Kulibaba, A.Ya., Sashov, A.A., Sukonkin, M.K., Shtukarev, A.Yu. Analysis of the input control and additional testing influence on the reliability of the electronic component base (in Russian). Rocket and Space Instrument Engineering and Information Systems. 2020. 7 (3): 87–92. DOI: 10.30894/issn2409-0239.2020.

16. Matyushev R.A., Patraev, V.E. Methods of ensuring the reliability of electroradio products used in the onboard equipment of spacecrafts of long-term operation of foreign countries. Reshetnev Readings: Proceedings of the XVI International Scientific Conference in memory of the General Designer of Rocket and Space Systems Academician M.F. Reshetnev (November 7–9, 2012, Krasnoyarsk). Krasnoyarsk: Siberian State Aerospace University Press, 2012. P. 188–189.

17. Kubrak M.V., Leonov, S.N. Modern testing systems of rocket and space technology. Proceedings of the XXI International Scientific Conference in memory of the General Designer of rocket and space systems Academician M.F. Reshetnev (November 8–11, 2017, Krasnoyarsk). Krasnoyarsk: Siberian State Aerospace University Press, 2017. P. 343–345.

18. Mukhachev, P.A., Sadretdinov, T.R., Pritykin, D.A., Solovyov, S.V., Ivanov, A.B. Modern mathematical methods of the spacecraft technical state analysis by the telemetric information data. Automation and Telemechanics. 2021. No. 8. P. 3–38.

19. Non-Destructive Testing in the Aerospace and Defense Industry. Market size and share analysis — growth trends and forecasts (2023–2028). URL:

20. Kiselev, A.I.; Albrecht, A.V., Medushevskiy, L.S., Kuzmich, A.A. Modern technologies of ensuring and controlling the reliability and safety of the RCT products. Dual technologies. 2012. No. 2 (59). P. 25–30.

21. Belova, V.V. Possibilities of application of modern software systems reliability modeling complexes for solving problems of reliability assessment of rocket and space technology products at the stage of electrical testing. Cosmonautics and rocket science. 2013. 1 (70): 118–122.

22. Korolev, P.S.; Kunizhev, I.R. Analysis of the approaches to the reliability assessment of radio engineering devices of unmanned spacecraft using the quality management system. Proceedings of the XIV International Branch Scientific and Technical Conference “Technologies of Information Society”. Vol. 1. Moscow: Media Publisher, 2020. P. 167–169.

23. Kiryanchikov, V.A. Calculation of reliability indicators of the system for analyzing the results of space rocket launches. Izvestiia SPbGETU “LETI”. 2016. No. 8. P. 41–46.

24. Profstandard. Specialist in reliability of rocket and space equipment, design engineer. Мoscow, 2022. URL: