Alma Mater
ISSN 1026-955X
Vestnik Vysshey Shkoly (Higher School Herald)
The best way to learn all about Higher Education

=

The Concept of cultural values from the Philosophical point of view

A.V. Grishchuk
80,00 Р

UDC 130.2

https://doi.org/10.20339/AM.03-21.105          

 

A.V. Grishchuk is Assistant of the Department of Foreign Languages, Sevastopol State University e-mail: grishchuk-artem@mail.ru

 

The article describes the meaning of the philosophical category of “values”, its integration with culture, the role and significance of cultural values, the formation of a culture of being, examples of interpretations of philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries are given. The categories of objects that are cultural values are highlighted. Also, the article discusses in detail the axiological approaches in philosophy and highlights several facts that deserve special attention. While working with this article, we come to the conclusion that the “Axiological Turn” describes in great detail the relationship of people, both just one-on-one with each other, and with a group, with society. The key moment in this event is the development of such forms of thinking inherent in culture and man, which will help maintain good relationships with the environment, with nature, with society. The “axiological turn” helps people to understand the importance of feeling a part of society and how important the development of language is as a means of intercultural communication. “Axiological turn” describes culture as an integral composite phenomenon, consisting of independent elements, but related to each other. All these elements are characteristic of any group of people and are one of the main sources of communication, self-identification and also the integration of the individual into the social system.

Key words: values, cultural values, philosophical category, culture of being, axiological turn, rectitude, morality, worldview, life activity, thinking.

 

References

1. Boguslavsky, M.M. Cultural values in international circulation: legal aspects. Moscow: Norma, 2012. 416 p.

2. Brentano, F. On the origin of moral knowledge. A.A. Anipko (transl. from Germ.). St. Petersburg: Aleteia, 2000. 202 p.

3. Windelband, W. History of new philosophy in its connection with general culture and separate sciences. In 2 vols. Vol. 2. From Kant to Nietzsche. A. Vvedensky (transl. from Germ.). Moscow: Kuchkovo Pole, 2007. 507 p.

4. Kant, I. Critique of the ability to judge: trans. with him. Works in 6 vols. Vol. 5. Series: Philosophical heritage. V.F. Asmus (Ed.). Moscow: Mysl, 1966. P. 161–530.

5. Kant, I. Critique of pure reason. Moscow: Eksmo, 2015. 354 p.

6. Kant, I. Foundations of the metaphysics of morality: trans. with him. Works in 6 vols. Vol. 4. Part 1. Series: Philosophical heritage. V.F. Asmus (Ed.). Moscow: Mysl, 1965. P. 219–310.

7. Lotze, R.G. Microcosm. In: Lebbock D. The joys of life. G. Lotze. Microcosm. K.T. Soldatenkov (Transl.). Minsk: BelEn, 2006. P. 266–413.

8. Mazur, M.M., Chumakov, A.N. Globalistics: International Interdisciplinary Encyclopedic Dictionary. M.M. Mazur, A.N. Chumakov (Eds). Moscow – St. Petersburg — N. Y: Publ. Center “ELIMA”, Publ. House “Peter”, 2006. P. 814–816.

9. Neshataeva, V.O. Cultural values: price and law. Moscow: Publ. House of Higher School of Economics, 2013. 118 p.

10. Nietzsche, F.W. The will to power. Experience of revaluation of all values. Works in 5 vols. T. 4. Yu. Antonovsky et al. (Transl.). St. Petersburg: Azbuka, Azbuka-Atticus, 2011. 384 p.

11. Federal Law of 26.05.1996  No. 54-FZ “On the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and Museums in the Russian Federation” (as revised on 26.06.2007) (adopted by the State Duma by the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on 24.04.1996). Rossiyskaia Gazeta. 04.06.1996, No. 104.

12. Shestakov, V.A. Museum object as a class of cultural values. Bulletin of the Volgograd State University. Series 7. Philosophy. Sociology and social technologies. 2009. No. 1 (9). P. 80–89.

13. Shestakov, V.A. Formal-logical structure of attribution of cultural values. Questions of cultural studies. 2009. No. 9. P. 57–64.