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Three planes of consideration for Judith Butler’s Theory of Performativity

Shaoyun Qin, А.А. Костикова
80,00 Р

UDC 14:305               


Shaoyun Qin, PhD Student at Philosophy Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University, e-mail:

Anna A. Kostikova, Cand. Sci. (Philosophy), Docent, Head of Chair, Deputy Dean for Work with Foreign Students at Philosophy Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University


In the foreword of “Gender Trouble” in 1999, Judith Butler stated that there are certain difficulties in uncovering the concept of “performativity”.

Sometimes performativity needs to be understood in terms of speech, and in some cases performativity needs to be understood in terms of theatricality. However, an in-depth analysis of Butler’s texts reveals that the so-called theory of performativity has three planes of consideration: speech, theater, and from the perspective of norms of behavior.

Key words: performativity, speech, theatricality, norms of behavior.




1. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge. 1999.

2. Butler, Judith. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. New York and London: Routledge. 1997.

3. Austin, J.L. How To Do Things With Words, Oxford At The Clarendon Press. 1962.

4. Qin, Sh., Kostikova, A.A. Another Critique of Judith Butler’s Speech Activity in Psychoanalysis. Philosophy and Society. 2020. No. 4 (97). URL:

5. Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”, [M]. New York and London: Routledge, 1993.

6. Althusser, Louis. Lenin and Philosophy and other essays. Translated from the French by Ben Brewster. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1971. P. 162–163.